Each Gemini mission carried two astronauts into Earth orbit for periods ranging from 5 hours to 14 days. The Gemini astronauts were pilots who flew in Project Gemini, NASA's second human spaceflight program, between projects Mercury and Apollo.Carrying two astronauts at a time, a senior Command Pilot and a junior Pilot, the Gemini spacecraft was used for ten crewed missions. Gemini 1 Manned spacecraft prototype satellite built by McDonnell-Douglas for NASA, USA. In fact four large holes were … Gemini 5 stayed in orbit for more than a week.

It was the twelfth crewed American flight and the twenty-second crewed spaceflight of all time (including two X-15 flights higher than the Kármán Line at 100 kilometers (54 nautical miles; 62 miles; 328,084 feet)). Gus Grissom was the second American in space aboard Liberty Bell 7, the second Project Mercury flight, in 1961. Gemini - Saturn I American manned lunar flyby spacecraft. Study 1964. Launched 1964. No life support system was carried and in place of the astronauts were a pair of instrument pallets. Astronauts accomplished many things on the Gemini missions. On April 1, 1966, the Gemini 10 backup pilot, astronaut Clifton C. Williams, Jr. participates in a zero-gravity egress training event in a KC-135 Air Force plane. Apollo 1 was originally designated AS-204 but following the fire, the astronauts' widows requested that the mission be remembered as Apollo 1 and following missions would be … In the spring of 1964, with manned Apollo flights using the Saturn I having been cancelled, use of a Saturn I to launch a Gemini around the moon was studied. Study 1964. The program consisted of 10 crewed launches, 2 uncrewed launches, and 7 target vehicles, at a total cost of approximately 1,280 million dollars. The Gemini 1 spacecraft would never separate from the second stage of the Titan II once in orbit and no recovery was planned. Gemini 8 (officially Gemini VIII) was the sixth crewed spaceflight in NASA's Gemini program, launched March 16, 1966. The first flight to carry astronauts was Gemini 3 (also known as Gemini-Titan 3 or GT-3). He later became the first American to fly in space twice, piloting the Gemini 3 spacecraft in orbit in 1965. The mission of Gemini 1 was simply to get into orbit and provide three orbits’ worth of information on spacecraft performance. The Gemini 4 mission included the first U.S. spacewalk. Gemini Pecan American manned space station. That flight tested the new vehicle.

Each of the three astronauts had been influential during NASA’s space exploration program in the run-up to Apollo 1.

Sixteen astronauts flew on these missions, with four flying twice.

Gemini 1 with attached upper stage The Gemini program was designed as a bridge between the Mercury and Apollo programs, primarily to test equipment and mission procedures in Earth orbit and to train astronauts and ground crews for future Apollo missions.

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