Functional Groups are the substituent atoms or group of atoms that attach to a molecule and enable them to participate in specific chemical reactions. Functional Groups Definition A functional group or moiety is a specific group of atoms within a molecule that is responsible for characteristic chemical reactions of that molecule. The same functional group undergoes the same chemical reactions regardless of the size of the molecule it is a part of. Amino Functional Group The beta-Methylamino-L-alanine molecule has the amino functional group. Functional groups are less stable than the carbon backbone. Functional groups are attached to the carbon backbone of organic molecules. They determine the characteristics and chemical reactivity of molecules. Functional groups include hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl.

They are more likely to take part in chemical reactions. No matter what size a molecule is, a functional group participates in chemical reactions in a predictable manner. Examples of how to use “functional group” in a sentence from the Cambridge Dictionary Labs

Amine functional groups are derivatives of ammonia (NH 3) where one or more of the hydrogen atoms are replaced by an alkyl or aryl functional group.



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